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文化与承诺:一项有关代沟问题的研究
作者:[美]玛格丽特·米德   出版社:河北人民出版社
以当今世界“代沟”问题为矢的, 从考察整个人类文化史出发, 指出“代沟”问题导源于文化传递的差异。将整个人类文化分为前喻文化、并喻文化、后喻文化三种基本类型, 奠定了其创设代沟思想的理论基石。 以当今世界“代沟”问题为矢的, 从考察整个人类文化史出发, 指出“代沟”问题导源于文化传递的差异。将整个人类文化分为前喻文化、并喻文化、后喻文化三种基本类型, 奠定了其创设代沟思想的理论基石。
现代社会冲突——自由政治随感
作者:拉尔夫·达仁道夫(Ralf Dahrendorf)   出版社:中国社会科学出版社
现代的社会冲突是一种应得权利和供给、政治和经济、公民权利和经济增长的对抗。这也总是提出要求的群体和得到了满足的群体之间的一种冲突,尽管近来一个广大的多数阶级的产生使局面变得错综复杂,纷繁异常。同样,政治纷争的基础变得不明朗了,犹如冲突将在其中得到解决的政党结构变得不明朗一样。
Re-Drawing Boundaries: Work, Households, and Gender in China
作者:Barbara Entwisle and Gail E. Henderson   出版社:Berkeley: University of California Press
Representing the culmination of more than a decade of empirical research in post-Mao China, this collection of essays explores changes in the nature of work in relation to changes in households, migration patterns, and gender roles during an era of economic reform. The contributors are respected scholars in fields that range from history and anthropology to demography and sociology. They use a variety of data and diverse approaches to gauge the impact of new economic opportunities on Chinese households and to show how the rise of the private sector, the industrialization of the countryside, and increased migration have affected Chinese workers and workplaces. The collection also asks us to consider how gender roles have been redefined by the economic and institutional changes that arose from post-Mao market reform.
Kitchens:The Culture of Restaurant Work
作者:Gary Alan Fine   出版社:Berkeley: University of California Press
Kitchens takes us into the robust, overheated, backstage world of the contemporary restaurant. In this rich, often surprising portrait of the real lives of kitchen workers, Gary Alan Fine brings their experiences, challenges, and satisfactions to colorful life. He provides a riveting exploration of how restaurants actually work, both individually and as part of a larger culinary culture. Working conditions, time constraints, market forces, and aesthetic goals all figure into the food served to customers - who often don't know quite what they're getting.The kitchen is a place of constant compromise, of quirks, approximations, dirty tricks, surprises, and short cuts, as Fine demonstrates in his deft, readable narrative. He brings to life the complicated relationships among kitchen workers - servers, dishwashers, pantry workers, managers, restaurant critics, and customers - and reveals the effects of organizational structure on individual relations.
Problematics of Sociology-The Georg Simmel Lectures, 1995
作者:Neil J. Smelser   出版社:Berkeley: University of California Press
These skillfully written essays are based on the Georg Simmel Lectures delivered by Neil J. Smelser at Humboldt University in Berlin in the spring of 1995. A distillation of Smelser's reflections after nearly four decades of research, teaching, and thought in the field of sociology, the essays identify, as he says in the first chapter, ". . . some central problematics - those generic, recurrent, never resolved and never completely resolvable issues - that shape the work of the sociologist."Each chapter considers a different level of sociological analysis: micro (the person and personal interaction), meso (groups, organizations, movements), macro (societies), and global (multi-societal). Within this framework, Smelser covers a variety of topics, including the place of the rational and the nonrational in social action and in social science theory; the changing character of group attachments in post-industrial society; the eclipse of social class; and the decline of the nation-state as a focus of solidarity.The clarity of Smelser's writing makes this a book that will be welcomed throughout the field of social science as well as by anyone wishing to understand sociology's essential characteristics and problems.
中国社会分层的结构与演变
作者:李毅   出版社:University Press of America
The Structure & Evolution of Chinese Social Stratification has finally addressed this gap. Dr. Li provides detailed analysis critical to understanding the class structure of Chinese society, both pre-1949 and in the post-Mao era. His explanation of the origin, structure, and evolution of the model will be essential reading material for any introductory student of Chinese society.
Social Change and Modernity
作者:Hans Haferkamp and Neil J. Smelser   出版社:Berkeley: University of California Press
Those who organized the conference on which this volume is based—including the editors—decided to use the terms "social change" and "modernity" as the organizing concepts for this project. Because these terms enjoy wide usage in contemporary sociology and are general and inclusive, they seem preferable to more specific terms such as "evolution" "progress," "differentiation," or even "development," many of which evoke more specific mechanisms, processes, and directions of change. Likewise, we have excluded historically specific terms such as "late capitalism" and "industrial society" even though these concepts figure prominently in many of the contributions to this volume. The conference strategy called for a general statement of a metaframework for the study of social change within which a variety of more specific theories could be identified.
十七世纪英格兰的科学、技术与社会
作者:罗伯特·金·默顿   出版社:商务印书馆
在发表于1938 年的博士论文《十七世纪英格兰的科学、技术与社会》中,默顿试图用清教伦理和当时英格兰工业发展的需要,解释英格兰的科学为什么在17 世纪特别地突飞猛进。
Intermediate Types Among. Primitive Folk: A Study in Social Evolution
作者:Edward Carpenter   出版社:NEW YORK:MITCHELL KENNERLEY
In this ground-breaking study of homosexuality, Edward Carpenter reviews an extensive body of literature, including accounts of Shamans and Bedarches (transgenders) in tribal society, and same-sex unions in ancient Greece and feudal Japan. This book includes much that has a direct bearing on issues of gay spirituality, including a discussion of the Kedushim, the priests of the ancient Near Eastern Goddess religion, and target of the Levitical anti-sodomy and anti-cross-dressing regulations. There is also a mention of the sanctioned Christian male same-sex unions in the Balkans, which gives a new dimension to recent controveries. The chapter on same-sex unions in feudal Japan is also of particular interest, as it deals with a topic very rarely dealt with by western writers.
Chinese Local Elites and Patterns of Dominance
作者:Joseph W. Esherick and Mary Backus Rankin   出版社:Berkeley: University of California Press
This important volume affords a panoramic view of local elites during the dramatic changes of late imperial and Republic China. Eleven specialists present fresh, detailed studies of subjects ranging from cultivated upper gentry to twentieth-century militarists, from wealthy urban merchants to village leaders. In the introduction and conclusion the editors reassess the pioneering gentry studies of the 1960s, draw comparisons to elites in Europe, and suggest new ways of looking at the top people in Chinese local social systems. Chinese Local Elites and Patterns of Dominance lays the foundation for future discussions of Chinese elites and provides a solid introduction for non-specialists.Essays are by Stephen C. Averill, Lenore Barkan, Lynda S. Bell, Timothy Brook, Prasenjit Duara, Edward A. McCord, William T. Rowe, Keith Schoppa, David Strand, Rubie S. Watson, and Madeleine Zelin.
The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind
作者:Le Bon, Gustave   出版社:NEW YORK:THE MACMILLAN CO.
'When popular opinion is nearly unanimous, contrary thinking tends to be most profitable. The reason is that once the crowd takes a position, it creates a short- term, self- fulfilling prophecy. But when a change occurs, everyone seems to change his mind at once. In his classic work, The Crowd, Gustave Le Bon observed that 'the special characteristics of crowds are several - such as impulsiveness, an incapability to reason, the absence of judgement and of the critical spirit.'
Mind Self and Society from the Standpoint of a Social Behaviorist
作者:George Herbert Mead   出版社:Chicago: University of Chicago
In Mind, Self and Society (1934), Mead describes how the individual mind and self arises out of the social process. Instead of approaching human experience in terms of individual psychology, Mead analyzes experience from the "standpoint of communication as essential to the social order." Individual psychology, for Mead, is intelligible only in terms of social processes. The "development of the individual's self, and of his self- consciousness within the field of his experience" is preeminently social. For Mead, the social process is prior to the structures and processes of individual experience.
Social Organization: A Study of the Larger Mind
作者:Charles Horton Cooley   出版社:New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
MIND is an organic whole made up of cooperating individualities, in somewhat the same way that the music of an orchestra is made up of divergent but related sounds. No one would think it necessary or reasonable to divide the music into two kinds, that made by the whole and that of particular instruments, and no more are there two kinds of mind, the social mind and the individual mind. When we study the social mind we merely fix our attention on larger aspects and relations rather than on the narrower ones of ordinary psychology.
Human Nature and the Social Order
作者:Charles Horton Cooley   出版社:New York: Charles Scribner
The book offers more than that. Its "Introduction" should be required reading in every Introductory Sociology course. Because of the work of the Social Darwinists and their perspective on biological determinacy, population control and eugenic manipulation of the human gene pool, Darwinian thought has had a "bad rep" in the social sciences. Deservedly so. Bad Darwinism deserves a bad rep. Cooley's perspective on Darwin, however, helps rehabilitate many of the key contributions of the evolutionary perspective, stating them in a way that will be acceptable to most social scientists. It is often difficult to remember that the ideas presented in The Origin of Species, The Descent of Man and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and in Animals were the impetus for many of the most important texts in turn-of-the-century psychology and sociology
What Social Classes Owe to Each Other
作者:William Graham Sumner   出版社:New York: Harper and Brothers
Sumner was one of the founding fathers of American sociology who explored the relationship between the individual and the state from an individualist and free market perspective. This collection of essays is a good example of his approach to the subject.
The Study of Sociology
作者:Herbert Spencer   出版社:London: Henry S. King
Spencer was one of the pioneers of the discipline of sociology. This is is a survey of the topic and one his innovations was the application of the idea of natural selection to the survival of groups and institutional arrangements.
开放社会及其敌人
作者:卡尔·波普尔   出版社:社会科学出版社
卡尔·波普尔爵士(Sir Karl Raimund Popper)是当代西方杰出的科学哲学家和社会哲学家。他的《历史决定论的贫困》(The Poverty of Historicism)和《开放社会及其敌人》(The Open Society and its Enemies)是西方民主思想宝库中的经典著作。波普尔曾经由于这两部书获得过英国女皇颁授的爵位。
有闲阶级论:关于制度的经济研究
作者:凡勃伦   出版社:商务印书馆
本书的主旨在于讨论作为现代生活中一个经济因素的有闲阶级的地位和价值,但是要把讨论严格地限制在这样标明的范围以内是办不到的。因此关于制度的起源和演进以及一般不列入经济学范围以内的一些社会生活特征,这里也不得不给以相当的注意。
乡土中国 生育制度
作者:费孝通   出版社:北京大学出版社
从基层上看去,中国社会是乡土性的。我说中国社会的基层是乡土性的,那是因为我考虑到从这基层上曾长出一层比较上和乡土基层不完全相同的社会。当前的世界人,我们到处可以看见男女们互相结合成夫妇,生出孩子来,共同把孩子抚育成人。这一套活动我将称之为生育制度。生育制度是个新名词,因之我得先说明一下这名词的意思。
新教伦理与资本主义精神
作者:马克斯.韦伯   出版社:三联书店
马克斯. 韦伯是当代西方影响最大思想家。他的这本书,反映了韦伯思想的一个总趋势,被西方学术界公认为世界名著。它致力于探讨这样一个问题,即近代资本主义为什么仅仅出现在西方,而同时期的东方却呈现停滞之势?本书的独到之处,在于极为注重对资本主义经济兴起过程中非经济因素的重要意义的深究。通过对大量经验的嵬集与分析,论述了新教伦理与近代理性资本主义发展之间的生成发育关系,并对东西方宗教文化传统进行了深入的比较研究。不仅是结论,而且包括本书的方法论,都为当代的社会科学提供了富于启迪的思路,并开辟了多线研究途径。

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